The development of UAV industry urgently needs to break through the "blue ocean"
the UAV industry is obviously a rising industry. According to the "2018-2023 analysis report on market demand forecast and investment strategic planning of China's UAV industry" recently released by the forward looking Industry Research Institute, the overall market scale of civil UAV products and services in China will reach 46.5 billion yuan by 2020 and 75 billion yuan by 2025
"In recent years, the UAV industry at home and abroad has experienced an upsurge. After the survival glacier of low-end overcapacity and drastic industry adjustment, the influx of technology and capital began to calm down gradually. The industry began to develop towards specialization in dealing with plastic film and military applications. Among them, industrialized UAVs showed the requirements of high-quality threshold access. Therefore, we should actively expand professional and intelligent industrial UAVs 'blue ocean' is the focus of industry exploration. " A few days ago, at the "first China Changsha unmanned system Summit Forum" held in Changsha, Hunan Province, Zhang Daibing, President of Changsha unmanned system industrial technology innovation strategic alliance, said
China is only in the second tier
the prospect is good, but the research and development of UAVs in the world is uneven. Zhang Daibing said that as the future development direction of military aircraft, all countries attach great importance to the research and development investment of unmanned aerial vehicles. Judging from the market share of UAV manufacturers in various countries around the world, the main manufacturers are concentrated in the United States, Israel and Europe, of which the United States accounts for 69%. Due to its cost-effective advantages, China's unmanned aerial vehicles account for about 10% of the world's share. Although China has developed many types of sophisticated UAVs in recent 10 years, it is still in the second tier of UAV manufacturing together with Russia and other countries
the UAV industry is generally divided into three categories: one is consumer UAVs for ordinary people, mainly for entertainment and viewing. Such products have a large market, low manufacturing cost and low technical threshold, and almost become the "Red Sea" of the industry
the second category is industrial UAVs, which are mainly aimed at users in specific industries, such as surveying and mapping, forestry, water conservancy and other market segments. Products stress practicality, reliability and safety
the third category is the large military UAV with the integration of reconnaissance and strike
"to further improve the development level of China's entire industry, it is necessary to build a new industrial synergy system integrating manufacturing and service industries. From focusing on technical fields such as design, R & D and manufacturing, it will expand to management, service and guarantee fields such as UAV leasing and operator training, forming a new industrial chain." Zhang Daibing said that this requires the participation and integration of all parties
the threshold of segmented market is very high
"the efficient operation of industrial UAV and the function of strong setting value ± 1.0 should be based on the specific situation when the setting value is ≥ 10% FS within%, which will effectively promote the reform of traditional industries. In addition, the segmented vertical application fields such as UAV emergency rescue, public safety, environmental protection, oil pipeline patrol, etc. will also promote the renewal and upgrading of traditional industries." Lake ushered in the second spring of the industry, said Jiang Zicheng, deputy general manager of South Kunpeng Zhihui UAV Technology Co., Ltd
however, he stressed, "industrial UAVs for market segments have high requirements for technology, quality and reliability. The R & D investment cycle is long and the investment is high. The difficulty and investment of R & D determine that professional UAVs cannot be rapidly formed through capital operation, and it is difficult to be 'monopolized' by one or several enterprises, belonging to the 'blue ocean' region."
experts believe that in the field of industrial UAVs, UAV companies with advanced technology, high reliability and good professional services will have higher and higher added value. Drone companies that master the core technologies such as avionics system design, aircraft design and advanced production technology will become the "hot pastry" of the market. However, in order to stand firmly at the forefront of the industry, it is also necessary for upstream and downstream enterprises in the industrial chain, universities and scientific research institutions to "work together" to achieve complementary and shared advantageous resources and jointly break through the "blue ocean"
getting close to people needs more safety
Wu Qiang, deputy chief engineer of China Aviation Industry Development Research Center, said that unlike military drones, industrial drones work in a more "close" environment to people. Complex industrial application scenarios also put forward more technical requirements and higher safety requirements for UAVs. Wu Qiang believes that we should pay special attention to the environmental adaptability design and testing of industrial UAVs, and build a flight safety system in hardware, software, algorithms, systems and other aspects
the construction of UAV flight safety system is inseparable from the further development of artificial intelligence in this field. However, Wu Qiang said that there is still a long way to go to realize the artificial intelligence of industrial UAVs. He especially mentioned a special kind of UAV, namely "Aerial Robot", a robot that seems to have "wings" and can fly to an environment unsuitable for human work to perform tasks. He believes that such robots will be an important direction for the development of industrial unmanned aerial vehicles in the future, and also a new field that needs to be explored in the flight safety system of unmanned aerial vehicles
Wu Qiang said that despite the continuous development of UAV technology, there are still many problems in the field of flight safety that need to be solved urgently. For example, there is still a bottleneck in the energy supply of UAV flight. Airplanes and aircrafts are good at speed but not slow. In low-speed flight, airplanes consume a lot of energy. Unmanned aerial vehicles, that is, aerial robots, focus on mission execution, not flight. Therefore, how to "consume" the limited energy on the mission rather than on the flight is also an urgent problem to be solved. "For example, if the UAV is' fixed 'at the workplace, it does not need to maintain hovering and flying status." Wu Qiang said
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